Where it all began
Canada 150 is a country-wide celebration of our nation’s 150th birthday. Celebrations throughout 2017 will give us an opportunity to reflect on what it means to be Canadian, as well as inspire a new era of optimism and pride across our country.
As one of the founding provinces, New Brunswick has a deep history that is rooted in how Canada is shaped today, after all, it is where it all began.
1604 – First European settlement in Canada at St-Croix.
1785 – Saint John first incorporated city in Canada.
1863 – Lieutenant-Governor Arthur Hamilton Gordon was pushing for ‘Maritime Union’ – invited his colleagues to Fredericton. Legislatures in New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia passed motions in favour in the spring of 1864. But they could not agree on a location and time to meet. But the concept did help to spark the Charlottetown Conference and eventually, Confederation.
1864 – Following the Charlottetown conference, further meetings were held in Halifax, Saint John and Fredericton.
1866 – New Brunswick holds election on issue of Confederation with New Brunswickers voting in favour.